The National Park of the Abiseo River (Parque Nacional Rio Abiseo – PNRA) is part of the National System of Natural Areas Protected by the State and was created to protect, with intangible character, the natural resources of flora and wild fauna, the landscape beauty, the hydrographic river basin of the Abiseo river, to conserve its cultural resources, particularly the “Gran Pajatén” archaeological complex and to promote the scientific research. In spite of the numerous studies that have been done in the area, the National Park of the Abiseo River still keeps in its fog forests, which shelters a exceptional diversity of plants and animals, a lot of mysteries to be revealed.
Discoveries demonstrate that the zone of the National Park of the Abiseo River was inhabited by almost 10 thousand years. The several occupations by the people who inherited the “Gran Pajatén” to us, justified that the UNESCO, recognized the National Park of the Abiseo River, as a Cultural Patrimony of the Humanity on December 14th, 1990. Later, on December 12, 1992 was incorporated to the list of the places that are Natural Patrimony of the Humanity, is to say a Site of Mixed World-wide Patrimony, qualification that only have 14 areas in the world and 4 in Latin America. Two of them, including Abiseo, are in Peru.
German Financial cooperation for the financing through the PROFONANPE of the costs of the National Park of the Abiseo River is one of the Protected Natural Areas of greater biological wealth of the Peru, that in addition contains rest of pre-Columbian occupation of incalculable scientific value. The presence in the Park of numerous and exceptionally archaeological rest, within a vast wooded area, is only comparable in Latin America with the National Park and Site of World-wide Patrimony of Tikal in Guatemala.
In century XIX, during periplo of the German investigator Alexander Von Humbolt, by the locality of Chiclayo, found the leather of primate totally not known by science, reason why he denominated it like Coliamarillo Monkey, soon to lose in the time, redescubriendo it a century later.
In the 19th century, during the trip of the German investigator Alexander Von Humboldt, by the departamento of Chiclayo, he found the leather of a primate totally unknown by science, which he named the ‘Coli Amarillo Monkey’. This specie was forgotten by science and was rediscovered a century later).
They brought samples such as: Momias, utensils and textiles that are in the district of Piás; a fragment of the mantles was presented by the Dr Federico Kauffmann (Alayo 2002).In 1980 were published the first works about the “Mono Choro de Cola Amarilla” (Flavicauda Lagothrix) and also the existence of important places like the “Pinchudos” and the “Papayas” (Leo and Ortiz 1980).
The National Park or the Abiseo River was created on an area of 274 520 hectares. On December 14th, 1990 the Park was declared by the UNESCO Cultural Patrimony of the Humanity and on December 1992 Natural Patrimony of the Humanity. Scientifics had registered 36 archeological places. The most important are: The Pinchudos Mausoleum (El Mausoleo de los Pinchudos), the archaeological complex of the “Gran Pajatén”, the Central Hill, The Beach and The Papayas.